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题名:
基于四阶贝塞尔曲线的无人车可行轨迹规划
其他题名: Feasible trajectory generation for autonomous vehicles based on quartic Bzier curve
作者: 陈成; 何玉庆; 卜春光; 韩建达
作者部门: 机器人学研究室
关键词: 轨迹规划 ; 四阶贝塞尔曲线 ; 可行性 ; 无人车
刊名: 自动化学报
ISSN号: 0254-4156
出版日期: 2015
卷号: 41, 期号:3, 页码:486-496
收录类别: EI ; CSCD
产权排序: 1
项目资助者: 国家重点自然科学基金(61035005)资助
摘要: 对于实际的无人车系统来说,轨迹规划需要保证其规划出来的轨迹满足运动学约束、侧滑约束以及执行机构约束。为了生成满足无人车初始状态约束、目标状态约束的局部可行轨迹,本文提出了一种基于四阶贝塞尔曲线的轨迹规划方法。在该方法中,轨迹规划问题首先被分解为轨形规划及速度规划两个子问题。为了满足运动学约束、初始状态约束、目标状态约束以及曲率连续约束,本文采用由3个参数确定的四阶贝塞尔曲线来规划轨迹形状。为了保证转向机构可行,本文进一步采用优化方法求解一组最优参数从而规划出曲率变化最小的轨线。对于轨线执行速度规划,为了满足速度连续约束、加速度连续约束、加速度有界约束以及目标状态侧滑约束,本文首先求解了可行的轨迹执行耗时区间,再进一步在该区间中求解能够保证任意轨迹点满足侧滑约束的耗时,最后再由该耗时对任意点速度进行规划。本文结合实际无人车的应用对轨迹搜索空间生成、道路行车模拟以及路径跟踪进行了仿真实验,并基于实际的环境数据进行了轨迹规划实验。
英文摘要: For practical autonomous vehicles, the generated trajectories should ensure the feasibility imposed by kinematic, dynamic and actuation. To generate a locally feasible trajectory from the initial state to the target state, a trajectory generation algorithm based on quartic Bézier curve is proposed. Firstly, the original problem is decomposed into shaping the trajectory and executing the shape. To satisfy the kinematic constraints, initial state and target state constraints and continuous curvature constraint, a quartic Bézier curve defined by 3 parameters is adopted to shape the trajectory. To further ensure the feasibility of steering, optimization is utilized to resolve a set of parameters to generate a trajectory that has a minimum curvature change. For velocity generation, an interval of executing time is firstly generated to ensure a continuous velocity, continuous acceleration, bounded acceleration and side-slip avoidance at the target state. Then, the executing time that could avoid side-slip at every point is resolved by adjusting the time. Finally, the executing velocity of the trajectory at each point is generated based on the executing time. To verify the algorithm, trajectory generation based on real environment data and simulations on search space generation, driving on road and path tracking are conducted.
语种: 中文
EI收录号: 20151700776723
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/16213
Appears in Collections:机器人学研究室_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
陈成,何玉庆,卜春光,等. 基于四阶贝塞尔曲线的无人车可行轨迹规划[J]. 自动化学报,2015,41(3):486-496.
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