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基体表面粗糙度对激光沉积不锈钢形貌、组织及性能的影响
Alternative TitleEffect of Substrate Surface Roughness on Morphology, Microstructure and Properties of Laser Deposition Stainless Steel
聂长武1,2,3; 赵吉宾1,2,3; 赵宇辉2,3; 王志国2,3; 何振丰2,3; 高元1,2,3; 王志勇1,2,3
Department工艺装备与智能机器人研究室
Source Publication表面技术
ISSN1001-3660
2020
Volume49Issue:1Pages:294-303
Indexed ByEI
EI Accession number20200908216380
Contribution Rank1
Funding Organization国家重点研发计划(2018YFB1105802,2016YFB1100502,2017YFB1104003) ; 国家自然科学基金(51805526)
Keyword基体粗糙度 激光沉积 形貌 组织 力学性能
Abstract

目的研究基体待沉积表面粗糙度的变化对激光沉积之后沉积层质量(宏观形貌、微观组织和力学性能)的影响,从而获得形貌、组织及性能优良的沉积层。方法采用316L不锈钢粉末,在不同表面粗糙度状态下P20钢基体表面分别进行单道单层、薄壁、多道搭接及块体沉积实验,获得测试分析所需沉积层,基于OM、SEM以及拉伸试验对沉积层组织性能进行分析。结果单道单层时,相对于铣削基体表面沉积层,喷砂基体表面沉积层的熔高、熔深增加幅度达到了100%,而熔宽增加较平缓;单道薄壁时,在前5层的沉积中,喷砂基体表面沉积高度增长达到2.5mm,铣削表面沉积高度仅为前者一半,喷砂基体上沉积层内部孔隙率仅为铣削基体的31%;多道搭接时,随着粗糙度的增大,沉积层截面纵向尺寸H的内部增长范围持续变大,而横向尺寸L范围保持稳定。喷砂基体表面沉积层的σ_b为540.93 MPa,而铣削基体上的σ_b为523.12 MPa。结论随着基体表面粗糙度的增加,沉积过程中陷光效应相应增强,单道单层沉积层的宏观形貌尺寸随之增大。对于薄壁沉积,基体粗糙度对薄壁高度的影响主要集中在前5层,粗糙度的增大使得沉积高度生长加快,内部孔隙率减小。多道搭接时,粗糙度越大,熔高熔深方向的尺寸变化越大,沉积层内部枝晶更加粗大,且不均匀。沉积层内部的抗拉强度随粗糙度的增大而提升。

Other Abstract

The work aims to study the effect of the change of surface roughness of the substrate to be deposited on the quality of the deposited layer (macroscopic morphology, microstructure and mechanical properties) by laser, so as to obtain a deposition layer with excellent morphology, texture and properties. Single-channel single-layer, thin-wall, multi-pass and block deposition experiments were carried out on the surface of P20 steel substrate under different surface roughness with 316L stainless steel powder to obtain the deposition layer required for test analysis. OM, SEM and tensile test were used to analyze the microstructure of the deposition layer. Single-channel single-layer: compared with the deposition layer on the surface of the milled substrate, the deposition layer on the surface of the sandblasted substrate had a melting height and melting depth of 100%, while the melting width increased more slowly. Single-channel thin wall: in the deposition of the first five layers, the surface deposition height of the sandblasted substrate increased to 2.5 mm. The surface deposition height of the milling surface was only half of the former, and the internal porosity of the deposition layer on the sandblasted substrate was only 31% of the milling substrate. Multi-pass: the internal growth range of the longitudinal dimension H of the deposited section continued to become larger as the roughness increased, while the lateral dimension L range remained stable. Mechanical properties: σb on the surface of the sandblasted substrate was 540.93 MPa, and σb on the milled substrate was 523.12 MPa. With the increase of the surface roughness of the substrate, the trapping effect of the deposition process is correspondingly enhanced, and the macroscopic topography of the single-channel single-layer deposition layer is increased; For thin-walled deposition, the effect of substrate roughness on thin-wall height is mainly concentrated in the first 5 layers. The increase of roughness makes the deposition height increase and the internal porosity decrease. When multi-pass is used, the greater the roughness, the larger the dimensional change in the direction of the melt penetration. The dendrites inside the deposition layer are coarser and uneven. The tensile strength inside the deposition layer increases as the roughness increases.

Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sia.cn/handle/173321/26201
Collection工艺装备与智能机器人研究室
Corresponding Author赵吉宾
Affiliation1.东北大学
2.中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所
3.中国科学院机器人与智能制造创新研究院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
聂长武,赵吉宾,赵宇辉,等. 基体表面粗糙度对激光沉积不锈钢形貌、组织及性能的影响[J]. 表面技术,2020,49(1):294-303.
APA 聂长武.,赵吉宾.,赵宇辉.,王志国.,何振丰.,...&王志勇.(2020).基体表面粗糙度对激光沉积不锈钢形貌、组织及性能的影响.表面技术,49(1),294-303.
MLA 聂长武,et al."基体表面粗糙度对激光沉积不锈钢形貌、组织及性能的影响".表面技术 49.1(2020):294-303.
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