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4D printing: A review on recent progresses
Chu HH(褚洪汇)1; Yang WG(杨文广)1; Sun LJ(孙路静)1; Cai SX(蔡树向)1; Yang, Rendi1; Liang WF(梁文峰)2; Yu HB(于海波)3; Liu LQ(刘连庆)3
Source PublicationMicromachines
Indexed BySCI ; EI
EI Accession number20203809188895
WOS IDWOS:000580309500001
Contribution Rank3
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China (project no. 61803323) ; Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program (project no.J18KA380) ; Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (project No. ZR2019BF049)
Keywordfour-dimensional (4D) printing additive manufacturing smart materials shape memory polymer

Since the late 1980s, additive manufacturing (AM), commonly known as three-dimensional (3D) printing, has been gradually popularized. However, the microstructures fabricated using 3D printing is static. To overcome this challenge, four-dimensional (4D) printing which defined as fabricating a complex spontaneous structure that changes with time respond in an intended manner to external stimuli. 4D printing originates in 3D printing, but beyond 3D printing. Although 4D printing is mainly based on 3D printing and become an branch of additive manufacturing, the fabricated objects are no longer static and can be transformed into complex structures by changing the size, shape, property and functionality under external stimuli, which makes 3D printing alive. Herein, recent major progresses in 4D printing are reviewed, including AM technologies for 4D printing, stimulation method, materials and applications. In addition, the current challenges and future prospects of 4D printing were highlighted.

WOS SubjectNanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Instruments & Instrumentation
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Instruments & Instrumentation
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[61803323] ; Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program[J18KA380] ; Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province[ZR2019BF049]
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorYang WG(杨文广); Cai SX(蔡树向)
Affiliation1.School of Electromechanical and Automotive Engineering, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China
2.School of Mechanical Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110016, China
3.State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chu HH,Yang WG,Sun LJ,et al. 4D printing: A review on recent progresses[J]. Micromachines,2020,11(9):1-30.
APA Chu HH.,Yang WG.,Sun LJ.,Cai SX.,Yang, Rendi.,...&Liu LQ.(2020).4D printing: A review on recent progresses.Micromachines,11(9),1-30.
MLA Chu HH,et al."4D printing: A review on recent progresses".Micromachines 11.9(2020):1-30.
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